Daityasudan Temple

dsc08880The temple of Daityasudana at Lonar is the best example of the Hemadpanti style.  dsc08960From the standing image of Surya in the principal niche on the back of the temple it is conjectured that the temple was originally dedicated to the Sun-god.However in the  present form its vaishnav temple of god vishnu in its daityasudan avatar. There is a story that a demon ie daitya called as lonasur or lavanasur used to reside in this locality along with his sisters . He was killed by lord vishnu in his daityasudan avatar hence the name.

The temple measures 105 ft. long by 84.5 ft. broad . Its a tree chamber temple , the inner most being garbh gruh ie sanctum sanctorum where the idol of lord vishnu standing atop lavanasur is there . The present day idol was made by bholse rulers of Nagpur after the original went missing . dsc08851The second chamber is called antarl where individual pooja are performed , on the roof of this block one can see beautiful cravings of puranic stories viz. Killing of Lavanasur by Lord Krishna and appearance of Dhar of Lonar ; story of Kansa and Krishan , story of Narasimha and HiranKashyap and lastly raskrida. The outermost chamber is called as sabahmandap which is meant for gruop offerings and performance . This portion as well as the enterance gate does not match the style and construction elements of the temple overall . The brickwork might have been added later to the damaged or unfinished temple which might have been caused due to various invation post 10th century India .

The temple overall is star shaped . The main enterance is east facing .The principle niche at the back of the temple has image of surya dsc08882(sun god  ) which gives rise to the speculation that this might have been ( or intended to be ) temple of sungod . The other niche on the right of the temple ie on south has image of chamunda devi . The one on left of the temple ie north has narashima in it .All of these 3 niches are built like mini temples in themselves having elaborate pillars , base and decoration .

There are nemorous ridges onto the temple with different decoration,images having iconic as well as artistic significance . Many of the images depict dieties or incidents on Hindu purans . These are covered in separate post

 

 

 

 

 

2 thoughts on “Daityasudan Temple

  • September 8, 2016 at 9:20 am
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    Excellent narration. I liked it. The detailing and the interpretation sounds very logical.

    Reply
  • October 22, 2017 at 7:44 pm
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    This a Vishnu Temple from the beginning.

    Your blog links on Ain i Akbari on Lonar states that is Bishan Gaya (Vishnu Gaya the other two Gayas being Brahma Gaya in Bihar and Rudra Gaya in Bijapur).

    Daitya sudan ( Destroyer of Daitya an asura) is Vishnu. He is said to be made of a meteor metal (or the earlier Deity).

    The Facade shows an unmistakable capture attempt by Muslims (destruction of statues, the front facade being made plain tell tale signs), but they could not hold on to it. After they left Hindu’s reinstalled another Vishnu Statue in the main Garbha Griha.

    Nearby Reclining Hanuman is also said to be very powerful.

    Reply

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